Category: 洗浴

Air China (601111): Stable growth against the market

Air China (601111): Stable growth against the market

Capacity optimization + price increase, Q4 off-season results exceeded expectations.

The company’s operating income in the fourth quarter was 3.39 million yuan, with a growth rate of 19 in ten years.

5%.

Capacity optimization: Starting from October 2018, the company replaced most of the Tokyo-related routes with wide-body aircraft, which partially enhanced capacity.

In November, the company reduced some long-haul routes with poor benefits and high costs, and optimized the route structure.

Price increase: In accordance with the Civil Aviation Administration’s policy, the company raised the freight rate of key airlines: the company’s unit RPK operating income in the fourth quarter was zero.

61 yuan / passenger kilometer, an annual increase of 12% in passenger transport: RPK and ASK increase, and fare increases drive passenger revenue improvement.

18 years, the company ASK +10 in advance.

4%; RPK + 9.

7%; passenger kilometers yield 0.

55 yuan (+2.

9%); load factor 80.

6% (-0.

54pct).

Freight: Profits increased slightly.

For 18 years, the company ATK +6 per second.

9%; RTK +5 per second.

5%, FLF56.

0% (-0.

7 points); ton-kilometer income 1.

43 yuan (+5.

4%), of which domestic 1.

19 yuan (+1.

3%) The double impact of the oil price exchange rate, performance improvement was masked.

In 18 years, the average purchase price of Brent crude oil and Air China crude oil increased on average, and the cost of aviation fuel was 38.5 billion (+35).

5%); RMB depreciation leads to exchange losses23.

800 million.

However, if the external oil exchange disturbance is excluded, the company’s cost side and profit side will improve significantly: the operating cost of the company’s unit ASK oil deduction in 2018 was 0.

28 yuan (-3.

3%); the company’s 18-year deduction of foreign exchange profits totaled 123.

4 ppm, a ten-year increase of 44.

4%, showing the gradual profit potential under the fare reform.

Capacity has been steadily introduced to improve the layout of the quadrangular rhombus.

At the end of 18, the company ‘s fleet size reached 684 (664 passenger aircraft + 15 cargo aircraft + 5 business jets). The company plans to increase its net fleet by 55/46/5 on 19/20/21 and increase its passenger fleet by 8.

3% / 6.

4% / 0.

7%.

The company takes Beijing Capital International Airport as the main base. In the future, SkyTeam will relocate to Beijing’s new airport for operation to strengthen the 杭州桑拿 advantages of Air China’s main hub. At the same time, it will continuously improve the quadrangular rhombus network structure with Beijing, Chengdu, Shanghai and Shenzhen as a whole. Investment suggestion: Aviation belongs to the reconstruction industry. It is the result of the overlapping of supply and demand, oil prices and exchange rates. The overlapping of B737MAX suspension of Shihang certification will lead to short-term capacity replacement and replacement. Expense reform will usher in the third flight season.Come and turn up.

We predict that the EPS of Air China in 19/20 will be 0.

86, 1.

06 yuan, corresponding to the current expected PE is 12.

6, 10.

2 times.

The marginal risks have begun to clear, the industry’s prosperity is expected to rebound, Air China’s hub network, cost control performance may exceed 重庆耍耍网 expectations, and it is given a “strong recommendation-A” rating with a target price.

0 yuan.

Qiaqia Food (002557): Shouzheng is surprisingly driven internally and externally into the fast track of growth

Qiaqia Food (002557): Shouzheng is surprisingly driven internally and externally into the fast track of growth

Investment advice: Qiaqiu Food is a leading brand in the peanut and nut roasting industry. It is the largest producer of edible sunflower seeds / melon seeds 杭州桑拿网 in developing countries. It has also become a market-leading daily nut brand.

The company restructured through BU. The internal PK and employee stock ownership plan stimulated internal vitality. We are optimistic about the continuous optimization of the company’s management system, which will help strengthen the company’s core competitiveness. We believe that future category expansion, product upgrades, and channel sinking will drive long-term performance.Steady growth.

Reasons The consumption of sunflower seeds / sunflower seeds has a clear pattern, and we are in a position to be the only one.

According to our calculations, the size of Chinese sunflower seeds terminals in 2019 is about 19 billion U.S. dollars, of which the size of packaging products terminals is about 9.7 billion U.S. dollars. The industry is basically stable, and the average price is expected to gradually increase driven by consumption upgrades.

We estimate that the compound growth rate of the packaged melon seeds market in 2019-2023 is about a number.

The packaging melon seed industry has a stable and clear pattern. In 2019, Qiaqia will account for about 40% of the packaged products. We will open up the gap with Jinge and Zhenglin. We expect that Qiaqia will continue to achieve brand influence, product innovation, and national competitive advantages such as channel layout.Realize growth.

The 100 billion nut track is wide, and mixed nuts are in a period of high growth.

We estimate the annual nut market to be 100 billion yuan. Euromonitor estimates that packaging nuts will be about 31.5 billion in 2019, with a compound growth rate of about 8% in the next 5 years.

Among them, mixed nuts are mainly based on scientific theory, nutrition matching concepts, and the market is rapidly expanding tolerances. We estimate that the size of mixed nut terminals in 2019 will be about US $ 12 billion, with a 50% increase each time, and it is expected to reach 29.5 billion euros in 2023 (CAGR is about 25%).).

At present, small-package daily nuts are big products in the industry, and there are many competitions in the market. The products are more homogeneous, and the competition improves the online and offline channels.

Major brands have begun to focus on differentiated development, such as Qiaqia’s main focus on “mastering key fresh-keeping technologies” and direct global raw material harvesting.

Negotiate comprehensive category extension capabilities, and internal and external repairs will help performance enter the fast track of growth.

The company has successfully entered the nut track through the daily large nut single product, reflecting the category extension ability.

From this cash cow business, product upgrades and the introduction of blue bags will help accelerate overall growth and increase penetration of vulnerable markets.

We expect that the company’s revenue will continue to grow rapidly under the heavy volume of dual-type single products, product structure upgrades, and improved production efficiency will all contribute to the steady increase in gross profit margin.

We expect that the profit side will achieve steady growth, the 重庆耍耍网 promotion of new product promotion costs will not decrease, and the expense rate is expected to increase slightly, but it is still within a reasonable range.

Earnings forecasts and projections maintain 2019/2020 earnings forecasts and EPS forecasts for 2021.

47 yuan.

The current price corresponds to 25/22 times P / E in 2020/2021, and the target price is maintained at RMB 41.

3 yuan, corresponding to 32/28 times P / E in 2020/2021, the current price has 28% upside.

Risks Fluctuations in raw material costs, changes in demand for categories, food safety risks, and increased competition in the industry.

英国大学校长联名信:无协议脱欧是有史以来最大威胁

英国大学校长联名信:无协议脱欧是有史以来最大威胁
­  英国大学校长联名信:无协议脱欧是有史以来最大的威胁­  英国150所大学校长当地时间5日发布联名信警告称,无协议脱欧是英国大学遇到过的有史以来最大的威胁之一。­  校长们在信中称,毫无夸张地说,无协议脱欧将破坏英国大学的科学研究,从新的癌症治疗方法,到对抗气候变化的技术都将受到严重影响,并且威胁到英国大学对英国经济200多亿英镑的贡献,将让英国大学花数十年才能恢复。­  2018年10月20日,67万英国民众汇集在伦敦议会广场举行示威游行活动,呼吁对英国脱欧最终协议举行全民投票。图为示威游行人群高举标语牌,呼吁举行人民投票。中新社记者 张平 摄­  在这封致所有英国国会议员的信件上联合署名的,包括了来自英国大学联盟、罗素大学集团、高等教育机构协会的大学校长。­  英国大学联盟主席珍妮特比尔女爵士警告称时间快要耗尽了,如果没有强力的协议保障使英国继续接触欧洲研究网络,将导致英国大学失去在欧洲研究网络中的地位,这是非常危险的。世界领先的专家、学者将会离开英国大学,前往不受影响的国家。­  大学校长们担忧,无协议脱欧将使英国高等教育机构立刻失去资格,不能得到来自欧盟未来两年近千亿英镑的研究资金。而欧盟学生来英人数减少的不确定性只可能变得更苏州桑拿网糟,使得英国一些大学财务可持续性状况更为堪忧,特别是那些无法吸引到足够学生的学校,可能无法再独立运营。­  英国高等教育政策研究所所长尼克希尔曼预测,无协议脱欧的负面影响将增加一些大学走到尽头的风险,这意味着为数不少的大学将面临收购、兼并或者紧急救助。­  英国脱欧协议的议会投票,被推迟后定于本月14日举行。目前,仍面临被多数议员们否决的可能,政府内阁敦促社会各界做好无协议脱欧的准备,将于下周开展无协议脱欧情况下边境、港口的交通管理状况测试。(记者 张平) 原标题:英国大学校长联名信:无协议脱欧是有史以来最大威胁

Zhongzhi shares (600038) annual report comment: revenue growth turned to general-purpose helicopter mass production can be expected

Zhongzhi shares (600038) annual report comment: revenue growth turned to general-purpose helicopter mass production can be expected

Event: The company released its 2018 annual report and achieved operating income of 130 in 2018.

66 ppm, a ten-year increase of 8.

44%, net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies5.

100,000 yuan, an increase of 12 in ten years.

07
%%.

The initial gain is zero.

87 yuan.

Views: 1.

The revenue growth rate turned positive. In the fourth quarter, the single-quarter revenue growth obviously entered the company’s operating income of 130 in 2018.

6.6 billion (+8.

44%), net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies5.

100,000 yuan (+12.

07%), and the return is basically zero.

87 yuan, the performance is in line with expectations.

Air Force’s revenue growth has been two consecutive years, and the turnaround in revenue growth is a signal of faster delivery of its aviation products.

The company achieved revenue of 48 in the fourth quarter.

80 ppm, an increase of 14 in ten years.

89%, net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies in a single quarter.

40,000 yuan, an increase of 10 in ten years.

92%.

In terms of gross profit margin, the company’s overall gross profit margin was 13.

93%, with a ten-year average of 1.

41 units.

Helicopter manufacturers worldwide include: Airbus Helicopters, Leonardo, Sikorsky, Bell, Boeing and Russian Helicopters.

Through the continuous increase over the years, especially the upgrades and technological innovations in recent years, the helicopter industry has gradually embarked on a “deep integration of military and civilians” development path, and has been building product lineages, application areas, service models, and industrial chainsGreat progress has been made in such areas.

Compared with the relative proportion, domestic helicopters still have certain gaps in basic research, product design, and material application. However, this gap is different. It is the continuous improvement of the helicopter research and development and manufacturing system that is increasingly narrowing.

2.

The general-purpose helicopter may be very close to mass production. In the future, there will be more than 90 billion US dollars of demand space. A 10-ton general-purpose helicopter was established around 2010. Although the size is similar to the “Black Hawk” designed in the 1970s, butIt is by no means a simple copy. It concentrates the latest technological achievements of the turbo helicopter industry, replacing the blank of the 10-ton class of upstream military helicopters and becoming a “star” replacement.

Zhongzhi shares various components for military helicopters. The products include rotors, pulp hubs, fuselage composite materials, etc. 10-ton general-purpose helicopters are expected to demand more than 700 aircrafts, assuming one for each.

According to 4 million estimates, this type of aircraft alone can bring more than 90 billion market space, and the company’s performance will be greatly improved after the official service.

We believe that the 10-ton general-purpose helicopter is now very close to mass production, and the company will or will benefit significantly from mass production of this model in the future.

3.

The performance of the Zhi 10ME has been significantly improved. The foreign trade export market has ample space. It has been reported that the Zhi 10ME gunship has passed the technical appraisal review.

Zhi 10ME is a medium-sized armed helicopter automatically developed by Aviation Industry Group Co., Ltd. to meet the needs of the international military trade market, equipped with engine sand control device and infrared suppressor; pilot crash seat; cockpit, engine, transmission system andAnti-ballistic armor of key parts such as important airborne equipment; low-noise five-blade rotor, low wind-wing noise; integrated and miniaturized avionics system, etc.

The review team carried out a comprehensive review of the development, test, test flight and technical appraisal documents of the straight 10ME armed helicopter. The review team believed that the model had the design and design conditions specified in the “Rules for Military Product Styling Work” and agreed to the model.The helicopter passed the technical appraisal.

In the past, the straight -10 of our army used a turboshaft -9A engine with a power of about 1,000 kilowatts and insufficient thrust, which severely highlighted the combat performance of the straight -10.

Compared to the Straight 10, the biggest highlight of the Straight -10ME lies in the position of the engine air intake. The shape is very different from the previous production version. It is reported that the Straight 10ME has been replaced with a turbo-9 yam dragon engine.Increasing the power type vortex shaft-9H, the maximum power will be increased from 930KW to about 1200KW, which will significantly benefit high altitude or local area operations.

The technical evaluation of the Zhi-10ME shows that China may usher in a more advanced Zhi-10 helicopter. In fact, in terms of foreign trade exports, the straight 10ME gunship has battlefield fire support as its main mission, has good flight performance and ultra-low altitude maneuverability, outstanding firepower and strong battlefield survivability; it can be equipped with multiple air-to-air and ground-to-ground precisionGuided weapons.

We believe that the Zhi-10ME may be favored by customers in the Middle East and North Africa in the future, and the export market of foreign trade is broad.

4.

The company benefits from military product pricing reform Military product pricing reform has been the focus of 18 years of military policy.

As we have analyzed in previous reports, pricing reforms will make assembly companies profit, and the company ‘s gross profit margin in 2017 will reach 15.

34%, with a net margin of 3.

78%, the company is a typical single-source contract ordering assembly company. The new pricing mechanism will motivate the assembly company to reduce costs and improve quality, and the company’s net interest rate will increase significantly.

Profitability has increased significantly, with gross profit margin of 12 in the first half of 2018.

64%, 9 in mid-2017.

94%, compared with 9 in 2016.

69%, this year is the historical high level of semi-annual report.

First of all, the proportion of high-margin product delivery has increased 杭州夜网 significantly during the year, and the operating costs of mass production have decreased2.

08%.

The company’s R & D expenditure was 47.7 million yuan, a surge of 71 in half a year.

75%, showing the company’s expanded complement to new model development.

The company’s advance receipts increased by 58% compared with the same period last year, and realized operating cash flow6.

07 million yuan, an increase of 39% in ten years, and cash flow has improved significantly.

5,

Helicopter leader and platform with significant advantages The company is a helicopter leader with a complete product lineup. It is the only listed platform in the AVIC helicopter segment. It also has high-quality military aircraft assembly assets in vitro, such as Hafei and Changfei, and 602 helicopter design units.

In the context of the military industry state-owned enterprises actively promoting the securitization of military assets, the company is expected to obtain high-quality military asset injections.

6.

The investment proposal predicts that the company’s EPS for 2019-2021 will be 0.

97 yuan, 1.

13 yuan, 1.

36 yuan, corresponding to PE is 47 times, 40 times, 34 times, maintaining the “strongly recommended” level.

7
Risks suggest that the progress and orders of new military helicopters are lower than expected, and the growth rate of civilian helicopters is lower than expected.

Why do we love psychological tests?

Why do we love psychological tests?

“Why do you love to do psychological tests?

Asking this question, of course, needs to be supplemented, that is, most people I meet will be interested in all kinds of psychological tests. Usually, a test is issued in the QQ group, and there will always be a response from everyone, andIs urging: “Quick, quick, post the answer!

“,”answer!

answer!
“Although this answer may be agreed, or it may be scorned, it will not hinder everyone’s interest after the next test question is posted.

Knowing their destiny is indeed, many people are willing to psychological test, just want to know more about themselves.

What kind of person is he, suitable for doing something, and in what ways can he succeed more easily?

Especially when people have suffered setbacks, or are struggling on the road, and the road is blank, they always want to use some tools to guide shortcuts.

  This is one of the attitudes people are willing to test-the impatience of knowing their destiny.

Afraid of losing opportunities, want to get the best development match.

  Of course, through the test of distance, the desired goal of the above mentality can be achieved to a certain extent.

  For example, the Myers Personality Type Scale indicates that some people pay particular attention to details, and of course it is difficult to associate with a carefree person.

As for the evaluation of career positioning, Holland’s hexagon theory divides human interest into six types, and all occupations can be classified into six corresponding types, so that “people” and “occupations” can beAchieve effective matching.

  Zhang Yan, who studies psychology, once completed a series of professional psychological test questions before deciding whether to take the postgraduate entrance examination. The test results show that her characteristics of interest are meaningful research and operational. If you go to military psychological consultation, you will deal directly with people, Completely deficient in her character, the chances of achievement may be less.

And Zhang Yan herself also found that although she had done a lot of consulting cases, she still felt that there was poor communication with people.

Zhang Yan’s analysis of her own interest made it clear that her research on military psychology or the guidance of others’ work was more appropriate.

So she clarified the development direction of the postgraduate study, and obtained the advancement and achievement of professional development.

Seeking a Self-Identity Now that a convenient tool for the best effectiveness of a psychological test is known, how many people are willing to give up, or are they willing to go forward step by step on their own?

The more realistic situation is that now we are focusing more on ourselves, and we are always busy looking for effective ways to achieve self and achieve success.

However, the recognition of “I” and the affirmation of “My success” mostly require others to complete, but where do we still have so much time to interact with people and then gain the trust and affirmation of others?

  So this is the second mentality of the test-the cost of trust in others has increased, and they have to resort to tools and strive to find a sense of self-identity.

  Just as people have answered “why do you love to test” before: “Fun, curious, or not”, why do we care about the accuracy of the test?

That’s right, this is exactly when you marvel at “True Accuracy”, because this test confirms certain aspects of your personality, hobbies, behaviors, etc.

  In fact, it is such a kind of interesting quizzes that are more popular and popular in life.

These small tests may not be accurate or even more entertaining, but what does this matter?

The important thing is that there are too many of them, and they can meet our needs of self-identification.

  For example, the “Browsing across the river” test, which is very popular on the Internet, can measure how much you value money, love, sex, family, and career by dividing your favorite levels of five characters.

Do you really feel the need for this psychological test to tell you what is most important to you?

Of course not. The answer is already in your heart. You just need the test result to confirm you. You can say, “True!”

“It is exactly the exclamation you are satisfied with when you get approval.

In fact, even if the answer is “inaccurate,” it doesn’t matter, you just need to sniff: “Cut?
Not at all, come again and again “until you get approval!

  Coupled with my friend Lolo, a love test she recently did tells her that macho men are totally out of step with her.

“This test is accurate!

“Lolo told me.

As far as I know, her ex-boyfriend who broke up recently is a chauvinistic pig.

Even Lolo knew that breaking up was the best choice for her, but when she passed the test to prove that she was right, she omitted a lot of the process of explaining the situation with her friends and easily gained recognition and comfort.

Psychological tests cannot be blindly trusted. What needs to be alert is that there are indeed countless tests on the Internet that guide you in the direction of progress or meet your needs for identification, but it also easily makes you blind.
Do you really believe that the way you hold a cup can accurately determine a person’s behavior? It seems to find a way to success?
  A rigorous psychological test first requires a theoretical structure, then the scale project preparation, and then multiple test and project revisions of the corresponding multiple scale tools, and finally a standardized, scientific assessment tool can be formedIn the future, the cost will definitely be very high.

And many of the tests we come into contact with daily, may just be weird ideas from some people.

Therefore, if we want the test to bring enough information, we first need to have discriminative power. The most economical identification method is to see if this test can adjust the professional organization.

  But not all psychological tests from professional organizations are correct, and we can design our work and life accordingly.

  A friend of mine had this experience before.

As an administrative staff with many years of working experience, she came to a company to apply for the position of executive director. The receptionist also handed her a glass of water and took out a “Nine Types of Personality” test.

After seriously completing the questions, she took the answer sheet to see HR. Strange things happened. HR was not busy asking her questions, but carefully compared her answer sheet with a stack of analysis data, and then asked politely.After a few questions, I politely asked my friend to go back and wait for an answer.

A friend understands what this means, but what makes her suddenly smirk is that the experienced herself would be inexplicably defeated on a psychological test questionnaire!

  Although many professional test questions are based on years of research by the compiler and a large number of case studies, and are still being perfected in the process of use, it does not mean that it will definitely be able to know all the conditions you want.Exactly.

Just as the “Nine Types of Personality” test does carefully categorize human personality into nine types, you can never include the rich experience you have gained in real work and life.

Therefore, superstition or mechanical use of these scales is inevitably undesirable, and no matter how good the theory is, it must be combined with the actual situation to exert its maximum effect.

  Finally, and the most important point, even if you really find a professional psychological test that is very suitable for you, the test results can really help your work and life effectively. Do n’t forget, this is just fortunate for youFound a convenient route, and the road still needs to come down step by step!

Four remedies for colds and coughs

Four remedies for colds and coughs

Cold Cough Recipe One: White pepper noodles, light white each amount.

Boil a bowl of hot soup noodles, add scallion white and white pepper noodles and mix well. Eat while hot, cover and lie down.

This side Xin warm solution table, divergent wind and cold.

It can treat cold and cold caused by wind cold.

  Cold Cough Recipe 2: 25 grams of walnuts, 5 grams of light onions, 25 grams of ginger, and 15 grams of tea.

Smash the walnut kernels, green onions, and ginger together, add them to the casserole with the tea, and add a bowl of water and fry.

Remove the slag once, cover it with a quilt, and avoid wind.

This formula explains the cold, sweating and fever.

Treats a cold, fever, and headache without sweating.

  Cold Cough Recipe 3: One radish.

6 scallions and 15 grams of ginger.

Cook the radishes in 3 bowls with water, then put the scallion, ginger, and a bowl of soup left over. Take one slag at a time.

This side Xuanfei solution form, Huatanzhike.

Cough, cold and cough, frothy phlegm, cold and cold, soreness all over the body.

  Cold Cough Recipe 4: 500 grams of tofu, 100 grams of brown sugar, and 100 grams of white sugar each.

Dig out a nest of tofu, and add red and white sugar to the bowl and steam it for 30 minutes in a bowl. Eat once and serve 4 times.

This side clears heat, refreshes and moisturizes.

Cough, phlegm and asthma.

Man keeping graceful push-ups

Man keeping graceful push-ups

In addition to the abdominal muscles, the core muscle group also includes all muscles that connect the upper body and lower body, such as the abdominal muscles, lumbar muscles, crotch and gluteal muscles.

A type of exercise called “plank” similar to traditional push-ups can exercise core muscle groups, especially deep core muscle groups.

Let’s take a look at three push-ups that keep men beautiful.

  This posture requires the body to be parallel to the ground, contracting each muscle to ensure balance.

This is the easiest and most effective way to exercise.

Different from traditional push-ups, instead of landing on the palm of your hand, or using a long elbow to support the ground, straighten your whole body, hold your toes on the ground, and insist on stopping your body.

This kind of exercise can often be performed anytime, anywhere.

But experts warn that people with waist problems should not take the risk.

  1. Basic prone position First, with your elbows and knees on the ground, hold your hands together.

Then straighten your legs, raise your body, support your feet with your toes, and keep your feet apart, as wide as your shoulders.

Facing the floor, the back is not arched, and the bottom is not upturned.

The initial exercise can be held for 45 seconds, and can be gradually extended afterwards.

  2, side support type First, the right side lies on the floor, single elbow landing.

Place your left foot on your right foot, and then support your body. The body and the floor form a perfect triangle.

Do not swing your left shoulder back and forth.

Keep your posture as continuously as possible.

Then switch to the other side and repeat.

  3. The skydiving “airborne parachute” pitching requirements are basically the same as the basic prone and side-bracketed.

Face the floor, prone on the floor, and place on your side.

Then slowly raise your knees with your palms off the ground and your thumbs outward.

Note: Do not tighten your chest.

Hold the position for 30 seconds.

Be alert to certain diseases after fall

Be alert to certain diseases after fall

From summer to autumn, the sultry weather became dry.

This is the high incidence of respiratory diseases, such as colds, sore throats, bronchitis and so on.

Everyone still has the air conditioner turned on during the day and sleeps with the air conditioner turned on at night, which makes it easier to cool the body. It is difficult to tell what the problem is if there are some symptoms. Please distinguish them today.

  Look at a respiratory disease?

  What are the differences between the symptoms of colds, heat stroke, acute sore throat, bronchitis and pneumonia? What we commonly call colds are common colds, commonly known as “colds”, with catarrhal symptoms of the nose and throat as the main manifestation.

Most of the adults are caused by viruses, especially rhinoviruses, followed by parainfluenza viruses, respiratory syncytial virus, ecovirus, coxsackie virus and so on.

The onset is relatively rapid, with a dry throat, itching, or burning sensation in the early stage, and sneezing, nasal congestion, and running water-like snot, which thickens after 2-3 days.

May be accompanied by sore throat, tears, dull taste, poor breathing, hoarseness, and a small amount of cough.

Generally no fever and systemic symptoms, or only low fever, discomfort, mild chills and headaches.

If there are no complications, it usually heals in 5-7 days.

Another type of cold is called influenza, or flu for short.

Influenza is high in winter and spring, and spreads rapidly. It spreads through air droplets and contact with respiratory secretions.

Influenza often develops acutely, systemic symptoms such as fever, body temperature can reach 39-40 ° C, headache, fatigue, and general soreness, while respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, nasal congestion, and watery snot are relatively mild.

  After working or working in a high-temperature environment for a certain period of time, people with heat stroke may experience symptoms such as dizziness, headache, thirst, sweating, general fatigue, palpitations, inattention, and uncoordinated movements. The body temperature is normal or slightly elevated.At this time, it may be aura of heatstroke. If you don’t pay attention, you may appear flushing, sweating a lot, and having a rapid pulse. The temperature will rise to 38.

Above 5 ℃, it is mild heat stroke at this time.

After further development, high fever (above 41 ° C), dry skin, no sweat, and disturbance of consciousness (heat shot) or a lot of sweating, and then paroxysmal spasms and pain in the limb muscles and abdominal wall muscles, and even paroxysmsSevere abdominal pain (heat contraction fracture) or headache, dizziness, nausea, followed by thirst, chest tightness, pale, cold sweats, syncope, and hand, foot convulsions, and severe peripheral circulation failure (heat exhaustion)).
  Acute laryngitis is mostly caused by a virus, followed by bacteria.

Cold, fatigue, long-term stimulation by chemical gas or dust, excessive smoking, and the decline of human resistance are likely to cause its onset, mostly secondary to acute rhinitis, acute sinusitis, and acute tonsillitis.

Adults mainly have throat symptoms. At the beginning of the disease, the throat has dry itching, burning, and gradually pain. It becomes worse when swallowed, saliva increases, and pharyngeal cord involvement has obvious ear pain.

Frail adults or pediatric patients have significant systemic symptoms, including fever and cold, headache, loss of appetite, and sore limbs.

  The nose and throat of the human body are the upper respiratory tract. Infections in these areas are called upper respiratory tract infections, such as colds and pharyngitis.

Respiratory infections below the glottis are called lower respiratory infections, such as bronchitis and pneumonia.

Bronchitis and pneumonia are mainly secondary to upper respiratory tract infection, or a sudden dry cough, which may be accompanied by shortness of breath, fever, and shortened duration of symptoms, which can reach 7-10 days. The doctor mayThe lungs hear dry or wet sounds.

The difference between acute bronchitis and pneumonia is to understand the location, scope, and severity of acute complications, and more targeted treatment of braking.

  Food choices are mainly low-fat, high-protein, and vitamin-rich diets, such as lean meat, poultry, fish, milk, soy products, and fruits and vegetables.

Among seasonal fruits, pear and sugarcane have the effects of strengthening the spleen, strengthening the lungs, relieving cough, and expectorant.

Watermelon is forbidden, because watermelon is too cold, and it is easy to cause diarrhea.

  In addition to the tender fruits and vegetables, there is also a dried fruit that has a good effect on lungs, which is almond.

In the Compendium of Materia Medica, the three major functions of almonds are: moisturizing the lungs, clearing away food, and stagnation. The first one is moisturizing the lungs.

Eat about 10 grams of almonds a day to prevent colds and winds.

Sweet almonds have a good effect on dehydrating and moisturizing the lungs. They can be eaten as snacks for meals, or you can grind 10 grams of almonds into powder and drink with sugar.

Chinese medicine believes that rock sugar has the effects of nourishing the lungs, relieving cough, clearing phlegm, and removing fire.

If you feel that grinding is more troublesome, you can buy almond milk, almond milk directly, or buy ready-made almond tea powder.

  However, patients with a history of food allergies should avoid supplementing with foods that have been clearly sensitized, such as shrimp, crab, silkworm pupae, milk, etc., and don’t be lucky.